A variety of research tools have been used to measure the impact of candidate debates. This section contains studies, polling data and other analysis related to debates.

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English Country: Sierra Leone

The meeting was designed as follow up on promises Hon. Vandi made as part of debates in town hall meetings during campaigns for the parliamentary elections in 2018.

English Country: United States

“There’s this perception that debates are this great democratic tool, where voters can find out what candidates stand for and how good they really are,” says Vincent Pons, assistant professor of business administration. “But we find that debates don’t have any effect on any group of voters.”

English Country: United Kingdom

The principal reason that TV debates have limited impact, according to research from Harvard Business School, is that 72% of voters make up their minds more than two months before the election – meaning few people will change their minds by the time candidates are behind the debate podiums.

English Country: India

An analysis of randomised evaluationsconducted across the world allows some insights into the role of the media in improving the quality of political participation. It shows that it is indeed possible to deliver information through the media in a way that positively impacts citizen engagement in the democratic process, and that the magnitude and duration of impact varies by content type and delivery mechanism.

Spanish Country: El Salvador

El 57.1 por ciento dijo que un debate presidencial podría ser determinante para su decisión de voto, contrario a un 38.2 %. Independientemente a la preferencia, la encuesta UTEC reveló que Nayib Bukele es el mejor candidato a la presidencia, con el 54.6 %, y el 32.7 por ciento afirmaron que Bukele no pertenece a ninguna ideología.

English Country: Costa Rica

The main television networks in the country have established the day and time of their debates, which will be held in the hours of the largest television audience to reach the largest number of viewers

English Country: Uganda

Meet the Candidates: Field Experimental Evidence on Learning from Politician Debates in Uganda

English Country: New Zealand

During every election campaign, the leaders of political parties go toe-to-toe in a series debates. Often, they get to fire off a few zingers at each other. But the debates don't seem to have much impact on voting.

English Country: United States

In a pair of studies, researchers at the University of Missouri’s Political Communication Institute (PCI) found that issue-based tweeting was directly related to acquiring greater knowledge. Additionally, social watching actually helps viewers solidify their beliefs around their chosen candidates. Read more at PsychCentral

English Country: United Kingdom

Previous research into ‘dual screening,’ when individuals switch between broadcast media and social media and provide commentary during media events, has suggested that this ‘viewertariat’ is typically a small but vocal minority (Anstead & O’Loughlin, 2011; Vaccari et al, 2015) . My aim here is to add to the limited empirical data on these practices by exploring the preliminary results of a study of how Northern Irish tweeters responded to the BBC Northern Ireland Leaders’ debate on 6th June. For more information, visit Election Analysis.

English Country: Peru

The Economic and Social Research Consortium (CIES, for its acronym in Spanish) co-hosted with the National Electoral Board the three Presidential debates and the programmatic technical debate between Governance Plan teams, during the first round of the Peruvian election and runoff election. The following report higlights information and details about these debates.


Spanish Country: Dominican Republic

Resumen de logros para la Asociación Nacional de Jóvenes Empresarios (ANJE) durante los debates presidenciales en 2016


Spanish Country: Guatemala

Photos and description of activities during AGG's last electoral program.

Spanish Country: México

El presente informe, presentado por la Coordinación Nacional de Comunicación Social, da cumplimiento a lo dispuesto en el artículo 70 del Codigo Federal de las Instituciones y Procedimientos Electorales, en el sentido de que el Instituto Federal Electoral es responsable de coordinar la realización de dos debates entre los candidatos a la Presidencia de la República, asi como disponer de lo necesario para la producción técnica y difusión de los debates, con la finalidad de promover el ejercicio de un voto libre, informado y razonado de la ciudadanía.

English Country: Ghana

The Institute of Economic Affairs, IEA, has since the year 2000, Torganised Presidential Election Debates ahead of each of the national presidential elections. In 2008, two debates were carried out. The theme for the debates was “Strengthening the Pillars of Ghana's Democracy”. The first of these debates took place in Accra on th the 29 of October, 2008.